Functions as an offical or semi-official language in more than 60 countries, since the 20th century it has been a language that is used the most often in international contacts. It constitutes a main language of trade, politics and science.
Is an official language in Sweden and some parts of Finland, it is used by about 10 mln people. It is easily understood by Norwegian speakers and to some extent for the Danish as well. In Swedish there is no conjugation of verbs, they have the same forms for each personal pronoun.
Is a mother tongue for 11,5 mln people, 10 mln of whom are Czech inhabitants. Among the most often used world languages it is placed on 73rd position, the oldest Czech linguistic monuments come from the 12th century.
Is the most popular Slavic language which is spoken by more than 250 mln people in the world. It comes from Old Russian language in the 14th century. The simplified cyrillic used in Russian writing, was introduced in 1918 by Peter The Great and it consists of 33 letters.
Is the language which is used the most often in the EU, it is used more often than French, Spanish or even English. It is the official language of Germany, Austria and Liechtenstein, and one of the official languages in Switzerland and Luxembourg. On the list of the mostly spoken languages in the world it is placed on 11th position.
Is used by about 220 mln people. It is an official language in many international organizations and institutions, like e.g. NATO or The United Nations. After English and Spanish, it is the third most popular language when it comes to teaching and international communication.
Is used by about 6 mln people. There are 15 grammatical cases, but there is no gender or articles. It can be divided into 8 main dialect groups, which can be divided further into 34 sub-groups. The common language differs from official one so much that some consider it a separate language.
Is used by about 27 mln people among whom 23 mln use it as their mother tongue. The oldest monuments come from 9th century and the first written text from 1100. Out of Dutch Afrikaan language was distinguished which is used one of official languages in South Africa.
Is used by about 40 mln people, mainly in Ukraine where it is used as an official language. It is written by a modified Cyrillic and the present form of its signs were created at the beginning of 20th century. There is a huge and old Polish influence visible in Ukrainian vocabulary.
Is called Slavic esperanto as it has many features common for other Slavic languages - knowing Slovak you can easily communicate in Czecg Republic, Serbia or even Romania. It is used by about 6 mln people.
Is not an official language only in Hungary - it has got such a status also in Slovenia and Vojvodina. Contrary to other Indo-European languages there is no verb "to have" and possession is expressed by several different grammatical constructions. The language is very flexible and it is possible to create a verb from almost every word.
Is used by 2,4 mln people. The oldest saved monuments - the manuscripts from Freising come from the turn of 10th and 11th centuries and they are the oldest manuscripts written in a Slavic language. Slovenian is one of a few languages in which 3 grammatical numbers can be distinguished. These are singular, plural, and dual.